awīlim in the Law Code of Hammurabi

The Akkadian word awīlim appears in at least 13 provision(s) within Hammurabi's code:

  • § 127 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum eli entim ū aššat awīlim ubānam ušatriṣ-ma lā uktīn, awīlam šuāti maḫar dayyānī inaṭṭûšu; u muttassu ugallabū.
  • § 130 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum aššat awīlim ša zikaram lā īdû-ma ina bīt abīša wašbat ukabbilšī-ma ina sunīša ittatīl-ma iṣṣabtūšu, awīlum šū iddâk; sinništum šī ūtaššar.
  • § 132 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma aššat awīlim aššum zikarim šanîm ubānum elīša ittariṣ-ma itti zikarim šanîm ina utūlim lā ittaṣbat ana mutīša Id išalli.
  • § 14 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum mār awīlim ṣeḫram ištariq iddâk.
  • § 176 : (normalized Akkadian) u šumma warad ekallim ū lū warad muškēnim mārat awīlim īḫuz-ma inūma īḫuzūši qadum šeriktim ša bīt abīša ana bīt warad ekallim ū lū warad muškēnim īrum-ma ištu innemdū bītam īpušū bīšam iršû warkānum-ma lū warad ekallim ū lū warad muškēnim ana šīmtim ittalak mārat awīlim šeriktaša ileqqe; u mimma ša mussa u šī ištu innemdū iršû ana šinīšu izuzzū-ma mišlam bēl wardim ileqqe mišlam mārat awīlim ana mārīša ileqqe.
  • § 2 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum kišpī eli awīlim iddī-ma lā uktīššu, ša elīšu kišpū nadû ana Id illak; Id išalliam-ma šumma Id iktašassu mubbiršu bīssu itabbal; šumma awīlam šuāti Id ūtebbibaššū-ma ištalmam, ša elīšu kišpī iddû iddâk; ša Id išliam bīt mubbirīšu itabbal.
  • § 209 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum mārat awīlim imḫaṣ-ma ša libbīša uštaddīši, ešret šiqil kaspam ana ša libbīša išaqqal.
  • § 213 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma amat awīlim imḫaṣma ša libbiša uštaddīši, 2 šiqil kaspam išaqqal.
  • § 228 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma itinnum bītam ana awīlim īpuš-ma ušaklilšum, ana ištēn mūšar bītim šinā šiqil kaspam ana qīštīšu inaddiššum.
  • § 25 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma ina bīt awīlim išātum innapiḫ-ma awīlum ša ana bullîm illiku ana numāt bēl bītim īššu iššī-ma numāt bēl bītim ilteqe, awīlum šū ana išātim šuāti innaddi.
  • § 280 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum ina māt nukurtim wardam amtam ša awīlim ištām, inūma ina libbu mātim ittalkam«-ma» bēl wardim ū lū amtim lū warassu ū lū amassu ūteddi, šumma wardum ū lū amtum šunu mārū mātim balum kaspim-ma andurāršunu iššakkan.
  • § 7 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum lū kaspam lū ḫurāṣam lū wardam lū amtam lū alpam lū immeram lū imēram ū lū mimma šumšu ina qāt mār awīlim ū lū warad awīlim balum šībī u riksātim ištām ū lū ana maṣṣarūtim imḫur awīlum šū šarrāq iddâk.
  • § 9 : (normalized Akkadian) šumma awīlum ša mimmûšu ḫalqu mimmâšu ḫalqam ina qāti/qātī awīlim iṣṣabat, awīlum ša ḫulqum ina qātīšu ṣabtu "nādinānum-mi iddinam; maḫar šībī-mi ašām" iqtabi, u bēl ḫulqim "šībī mūde ḫulqīyā-mi lublam" iqtabi, šayyāmānum nādin iddinūšum u šībī ša ina maḫrīšunu išāmu itbalam u bēl ḫulqim šībī mūde ḫulqīšu itbalam, dayyānū awâtīšunu immarū-ma šībū ša maḫrīšunu šīmum iššāmu u šībū mūde ḫulqim mūdûssunu maḫar ilim iqabbû-ma nādinānum šarrāq; iddâk; bēl ḫulqim ḫuluqšu ileqqe; šayyāmānum ina bīt nādinānim kasap išqulu ileqqe.

Citation

Dedović, B. "awīlim - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 27 Feb. 2024, ehlaw.org/dictionary/word/awīlim. [Accessed 27 May. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2024, February 27). awīlim - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/dictionary/word/awīlim

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "awīlim - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created February 27, 2024. Modified February 27, 2024. Accessed May 27, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/dictionary/word/awīlim.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Lauffenburger, Olivier. "AAF Assyrian Dictionary." France: Association Assyrophile de France. Accessed August 28, 2023. https://www.assyrianlanguages.org. [Visit]

AAF

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "PsychLing: Psycholinguistics Portal." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Accessed February 28, 2024. https://psycholinguistics.org. [Visit]

PsyLng

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. A Comprehensive Grammar to Hammurabi's Stele. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2014.

CGHS

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

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