§ 14

Law § 14 of Hammurabi's Code

Summary
the punishment for kidnapping another man's son is execution.
Translation
If a man has kidnapped (lit., stolen) the young son of a man (or, a young member of the awīlum class), he will be executed.

Cuneiform

Law § 14 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 6, col. VIII, lns. 25–29)

Transliteration

šum-ma a-wi-lum DUMU a-wi-lim ṣe-eḫ-ra-am iš-ta-ri-iq id-da-ak

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 34)

Normalization

šumma awīlum mār awīlim ṣeḫram ištariq iddâk.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 34)

Translation

If a man has kidnapped (lit., stolen) the young son of a man (or, a young member of the awīlum class), he will be executed.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 34)

LawgicSnifferSM

Logic Map for § 14

#
Steps
Law Text
  • 1 if
  • 2
  • 3 a man
  • 4 has stolen
  • 5 the young son (or, a young member of the awīlum class),
  • 6 of a man
  • 7
  • 8 [then]
  • 9
  • 10 he
  • 11 will be executed.
  • 12
  • 13
  • 14

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 14

šumma (conditional Particle) "if; whether"

awīlum (Noun form) Masculine Singular Nominative of awīlu "man"

awīlim (Noun form) Masculine Singular Genitive of awīlu "man"

iddâk (N-Stem Durative Verb form) 3rd Person Common Singular of dâku "to kill"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 14 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 24 Oct. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/14. [Accessed 19 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, October 24). § 14 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/14

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 14 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created October 24, 2023. Modified March 28, 2024. Accessed April 19, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/14.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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