§ 265

Law § 265 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a shepherd who was given cattle or flocks to tend made false claims and changed the brand (or, falsely changed the brand), and also sold (them), he will be convicted and will repay to their owner up to ten times what he stole in cattle and flocks.
Inscription

Cuneiform

Law § 265 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 31, col. R XXII, lns. 61–75)

Transliteration

šum-ma SIPAD ša ÁB.GUD.ḪI.A ù lu U8.UDU.ḪI.A a-na re-em in-na-ad-nu-šum ú-sa-ar-ri-ir-ma ši-im-tam ut-ta-ak-ki-ir ù a-na KUG.BABBAR it-ta-di-in ú-ka-an-nu-šu-ma A.RÁ 10-šu ša iš-ri-qú ÁB.GUD.ḪI.A ù U8.UDU.ḪI.A a-na be-lí-šu-nu i-ri-a-ab

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 96)

Normalization

šumma rēʾûm ša liātum ū lū ṣēnum ana reʾêm/rêm innadnūšum usarrir-ma šimtam uttakkir u ana kaspim ittadin, ukannūšū-ma adi ešrīšu ša išriqu liātim ū ṣēnam ana bēlīšunu iriāb.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 96)

Translation

If a shepherd who was given cattle or flocks to tend made false claims and changed the brand (or, falsely changed the brand), and also sold (them), he will be convicted and will repay to their owner up to ten times what he stole in cattle and flocks.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 96)

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 265 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 7 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/265. [Accessed 11 Jul. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 7). § 265 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/265

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 265 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 7, 2023. Modified May 26, 2024. Accessed July 11, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/265.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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