§ 26

Law § 26 of Hammurabi's Code

Summary
the punishment for hiring a military service replacement person is execution and loss of property to said replacement person.
Translation
If either a footsoldier or a “fisherman” whose going on a royal campaign was commanded did not go, or hired a hireling and has sent (him as) his substitute, said footsoldier or “fisherman” will be executed; his denouncer will take his estate for himself.
Inscription

Cuneiform

Law § 26 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 7, col. IX–X, lns. 66–69; 1–12)

Transliteration

šum-ma lu AGA.ÚS ù lu ŠU.ḪA ša a-na ḫar-ra-an šar-ri-im a-la-ak-šu qá-bu-ú la il-li-ik ù lu agram(ḪUN.GÁ) i-gur-ma pu-úḫ-šu iṭ-ṭa-ra-ad lu AGA.ÚS ù lu ŠU.ḪA šu-ú id-da-ak mu-na-ag-ge-er-šu É-sú i-tab-ba-al

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 229)

Normalization

šumma lū rēdûm ū lū bāʾerum ša ana ḫarrān šarrim alākšu qabû lā illik ū lū agram īgur-ma pūḫšu iṭṭarad lū rēdûm ū lū bāʾerum šū iddâk munaggeršu bīssu itabbal.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 50)

Translation

If either a footsoldier or a “fisherman” whose going on a royal campaign was commanded did not go, or hired a hireling and has sent (him as) his substitute, said footsoldier or “fisherman” will be executed; his denouncer will take his estate for himself.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 50)

LawgicSnifferSM

Logic Map for § 26

#
Steps
Law Text
  • 1 If
  • 2
  • 3 either
  • 4 a footsoldier
  • 5 or
  • 6 a “fisherman” whose
  • 7 going on a royal campaign was commanded
  • 8 did not
  • 9 go,
  • 10
  • 11 or
  • 12 [if]
  • 13
  • 14 [he]
  • 15 hired
  • 16 a hireling
  • 17 and
  • 18 has sent
  • 19 him
  • 20 as his
  • 21 substitute,
  • 22
  • 23
  • 24 [then]
  • 25
  • 26 said footsoldier
  • 27 or
  • 28 “fisherman”
  • 29 will be executed;
  • 30
  • 31 [and]
  • 32
  • 33 his denouncer
  • 34 will take
  • 35 his
  • 36 estate
  • 37 for himself.
  • 38
  • 39
  • 40

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 26

šumma (conditional Particle) "if; whether"

ša (relative Particle) "(introduces relative clause or epithet); who, whom; s/he who"

ana (Preposition) "to, for, in order to"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 26 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 25 Oct. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/26. [Accessed 11 Jul. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, October 25). § 26 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/26

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 26 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created October 25, 2023. Modified June 28, 2024. Accessed July 11, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/26.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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