§ 44

Law § 44 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a man rented an unworked field for three years for cultivation, but was negligent and has not opened the field, in the fourth year he will plow, hoe, and harrow the field and return (it) to the owner of the field; he will also measure out ten kor of grain per būrum.

Cuneiform

Law § 44 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 9, col. XIII, lns. 17-34)

Transliteration

šum-ma a-wi-lum A.ŠÀ kankallim(KI.KAL) a-na MU.3.KAM a-na te-ep-ti-tim ú-še-ṣi-ma a-aḫ-šu id-di-ma A.ŠÀ la ip-te-te i-na re-bu-tim ša-at-tim A.ŠÀ ma-a-a-ri i-ma-aḫ-ḫa-aṣ i-mar-ra-ar ù i-ša-ak-ka-ak-ma a-na be-el A.ŠÀ ú-ta-ar ù ana būrim(BÙRiku.E) 10 ŠE.GUR i-ma-a[d-d]a-ad

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 330)

Normalization

šumma awīlum eqel kankallim ana šalāš šanātim ana teptītim ušēṣī-ma aḫšu iddī-ma eqlam lā iptete, ina rebūtim šattim eqlam mayyarī imaḫḫaṣ imarrar u išakkak-ma ana bēl eqlim utār; u ana būrim eš(e)ret kur âm ima[dd]ad.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 82)

Translation

If a man rented an unworked field for three years for cultivation, but was negligent and has not opened the field, in the fourth year he will plow, hoe, and harrow the field and return (it) to the owner of the field; he will also measure out ten kor of grain per būrum.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 82)

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 44 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 26 Oct. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/44. [Accessed 19 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, October 26). § 44 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/44

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 44 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created October 26, 2023. Modified March 27, 2024. Accessed April 19, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/44.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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