§ 229

Law § 229 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a house builder built a house for a man but did not secure/fortify his work so that the house he built collapsed and caused the death of the house owner, that house builder will be executed.
Inscription

Cuneiform

Law § 229 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 28, col. R XIX, lns. 64–72)

Transliteration

šum-ma ŠITIM a-na a-wi-lim É i-pu-uš-ma ši-pí-ir-šu la ú-dan-ni-in-ma É i-pu-šu im-qú!(LU)-ut-ma be-el É uš-ta-mi-it ŠITIM šu-ú id-da-ak

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 331)

Normalization

šumma itinnum ana awīlim bītam īpuš-ma šipiršu lā udannim-ma bīt īpušu imqut-ma bēl bītim uštamīt, itinnum šū iddâk.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 83)

Translation

If a house builder built a house for a man but did not secure/fortify his work so that the house he built collapsed and caused the death of the house owner, that house builder will be executed.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 83)

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 229 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 6 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/229. [Accessed 11 Jul. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 6). § 229 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/229

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 229 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 6, 2023. Modified May 21, 2024. Accessed July 11, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/229.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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