§ 219

Law § 219 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a physician treated a slave or a commoner for a serious wound with a bronze lancet and has killed (him), he will repay slave for slave.

Cuneiform

Law § 219 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 27, col. R XVIII, lns. 84–88)

Transliteration

šum-ma A.ZU sí-ma-am kab-tam ÌR MAŠ.EN.GAG i-na karzil(GÍR.NI) siparrim(ZABAR) i-pu-uš-ma uš-ta-mi-it ÌR ki-ma ÌR i-ri-ab

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 178)

Normalization

šumma asûm simmam kabtam wardam muškēnam ina karzil siparrim īpuš-ma uštamīt, wardam kīma wardim irīab.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 38)

Translation

If a physician treated a slave or a commoner for a serious wound with a bronze lancet and has killed (him), he will repay slave for slave.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 38)

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 219

šumma (conditional Particle) "if; whether"

muškēnam (Noun form) Masculine Singular Accusative of muškēnu "commoner"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 219 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 5 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/219. [Accessed 20 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 5). § 219 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/219

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 219 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 5, 2023. Modified February 27, 2024. Accessed April 20, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/219.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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