§ 209

Law § 209 of Hammurabi's Code

Summary
the penalty for striking a man's daughter and causing her to have a miscarriage is ten shekels of silver.
Translation
If a man struck a man’s daughter and has caused her to have a miscarriage, he will weigh out ten shekels of silver for her foetus [sic].
Law Group

Cuneiform

Law § 209 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 27, col. R XVIII, lns. 23–30)

Transliteration

šum-ma a-wi-lum DUMU.MUNUS a-wi-lim im-ḫa-aṣ-ma ša li-ib-bi-ša uš-ta-di-ši 10 GÍN KUG.BABBAR a-na ša li-ib-bi-ša i-ša-qal

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 351)

Normalization

šumma awīlum mārat awīlim imḫaṣ-ma ša libbīša uštaddīši, ešret šiqil kaspam ana ša libbīša išaqqal.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 88)

Translation

If a man struck a man’s daughter and has caused her to have a miscarriage, he will weigh out ten shekels of silver for her foetus [sic].

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 89)

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 209

šumma (conditional Particle) "if; whether"

awīlum (Noun form) Masculine Singular Nominative of awīlu "man"

awīlim (Noun form) Masculine Singular Genitive of awīlu "man"

libbiša (Noun form) Masculine Singular of libbu "heart"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 209 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 5 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/209. [Accessed 13 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 5). § 209 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/209

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 209 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 5, 2023. Modified March 31, 2024. Accessed April 13, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/209.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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