§ 145

Law § 145 of Hammurabi's Code

Summary
the inability of a man's first wife to produce children is sufficient for said man to marry another wife and bring her into the household.
Translation
If a man married a nadītum but she did not help him acquire children and he has decided to marry a šugītum, said man may marry a šugītum; he may bring her into his house; said šugītum will not compare herself with the nadītum.
Law Group

Cuneiform

Law § 145 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 18, col. R VIII, lns. 28–42)

Transliteration

šum-ma a-wi-lum LUKUR i-ḫu-uz-ma DUMU.MEŠ la ú-šar-ši-šu-ma a-na šu-gi4-tim a-ḫa-zi-im pa-ni-šu iš-ta-ka-an a-wi-lum šu-ú šu-gi4-tam i-iḫ-ḫa-az a-na É-šu ú-še-er-re-eb-ši šu-gi4-tum ši-i it-ti LUKUR ú-ul uš-ta-ma-aḫ-ḫa-ar

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 441)

Normalization

šumma awīlum nadītam īḫuz-ma mārī lā ušaršīšū-ma ana šugītim aḫāzim pānīšu ištakan, awīlum šū šugītam iḫḫaz; ana bītīšu ušerrebši; šugītum šī itti nadītim ul uštamaḫḫar.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 123)

Translation

If a man married a nadītum but she did not help him acquire children and he has decided to marry a šugītum, said man may marry a šugītum; he may bring her into his house; said šugītum will not compare herself with the nadītum.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 124)

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 145

šumma (conditional Particle) "if; whether"

awīlum (Noun form) Masculine Singular Nominative of awīlu "man"

šugītim (Noun form) Feminine Singular Genitive of šugītu "priestess"

šugītam (Noun form) Feminine Singular Accusative of šugītu "priestess"

šugītum (Noun form) Feminine Singular Nominative of šugītu "priestess"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 145 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 2 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/145. [Accessed 18 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 2). § 145 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/145

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 145 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 2, 2023. Modified March 29, 2024. Accessed April 18, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/145.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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