§ 104

Law § 104 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a merchant gave a trading agent barley, wool, oil, or any property to sell, the trading agent will regularly return silver (or: will record and return silver) to the merchant; the trading agent will receive a sealed document of the silver that he gives the merchant.
Law Group

Cuneiform

Law § 104 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 12, col. R I, lns. 32–45)

Transliteration

šum-ma DAM.GÀR a-na šamallêm (ŠAMAN2.LÁ) ŠE ŠÍG Ì.GIŠ ù mi-im-ma bi-ša-am a-na pa-ša-ri-im id-di-in šamallûm (ŠAMAN2.LÁ) KUG.BABBAR i-sa-ad-dar-ma a-na DAM.GÀR ú-ta-ar šamallûm (ŠAMAN2.LÁ) ka-ni-ik KUG.BABBAR ša a-na DAM.GÀR i-na-ad-di-nu i-le-qé

Source: Huehnergard (2011, p. 192)

Normalization

šumma tamkārum ana šamallêm âm šīpātim šamnam ū mimma bīšam ana pašārim iddin, šamallûm kaspam isaddar-ma ana tamkārim utār; šamallûm kanīk kaspim ša ana tamkārim inaddinu ileqqe.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 41)

Translation

If a merchant gave a trading agent barley, wool, oil, or any property to sell, the trading agent will regularly return silver (or: will record and return silver) to the merchant; the trading agent will receive a sealed document of the silver that he gives the merchant.

Source: Huehnergard (2013, p. 41)

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 104 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 29 Oct. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/104. [Accessed 13 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, October 29). § 104 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/104

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 104 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created October 29, 2023. Modified March 27, 2024. Accessed April 13, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/104.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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