§ 38

Law § 38 of Hammurabi's Code

Summary
certain individuals cannot donate their real property to family members or use said property to cover debt obligations.
Translation
A soldier, trapper or official tenant shall not donate to his wife or to his daughter a field, orchard or house which is his official property, nor shall he exchange it for any debt.
Inscription

Cuneiform

Law § 38 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 8, col. XII, lns. 22–30)

Transliteration

rid ṣâbê bâ’irum u na-ši biltim i-na eḳlim kirêm u bîtim ša il-ki-šu a-na aš-ša-ti-šu u mârti-šu u-ul i-ša-bad-da-ar u a-na i-il-ti-šu u-ul i-na-ad-di-in

Source: Abulhab (2017, p. 39)

Normalization

rēdûm bāʾirum u nāši biltim ina eqlim kirîm u bītim ša ilkišu ana aššatišu u mārtišu ul išaṭṭar u ana eʾiltišu ul inaddin

Source: Richardson (2004, p. 54)

Translation

A soldier, trapper or official tenant shall not donate to his wife or to his daughter a field, orchard or house which is his official property, nor shall he exchange it for any debt.

Source: Richardson (2004, p. 55)

LawgicSnifferSM

Logic Map for § 38

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Steps
Law Text

GrammarSnifferSM

Akkadian Words in Law § 38

u (Conjunction)

ina (Preposition) "in, on, onto"

ša (relative Particle) "(introduces relative clause or epithet); who, whom; s/he who"

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 38 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 26 Oct. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/38. [Accessed 11 Jul. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, October 26). § 38 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/38

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 38 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created October 26, 2023. Modified June 27, 2024. Accessed July 11, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/38.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

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eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

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