§ 235

Law § 235 of Hammurabi's Code

Translation
If a boat-builder has caulked a boat for a man but has not done it properly and in the same year the boat begins to leak and shows a defect, the boat-builder shall repair that boat and reinforce it at his own expense, and give the reinforced boat to the owner of the boat.

Cuneiform

Law § 235 - Cuneiform - Law Code of Hammurabi

Source: Bergmann (1953, p. 29, col. R XX, lns. 10–26)

Transliteration

šum-ma malaḫum elippam a-na a-wi-lim ip-ḫi-ma ši-bi-ir-šu la u-tak-ki-il-ma i-na ša-at-tim-ma šu-a-ti elippum ši-i iz-za-par ḫi-di-tam ir-ta-ši malaḫum elippam šu-a-ti i-na-ḳar-ma i-na ŠA.GA ra-ma-ni-šu u-dan-na-an-ma elippam dan-na-tam a-na be-el elippim i-na-ad-di-in

Source: Abulhab (2017, p. 95)

Normalization

šumma malāḫum eleppam ana awīlim ipḫēma šipiršu la utakkilma ina šattimma šuāti eleppum šî iṣṣabar, ḫiṭītam irtaši. malāḫum eleppam šuāti inaqqarma ina makkūr ramanišu udannanma eleppam dannatam ana bēl eleppim inaddin.

Source: Richardson (2004, p. 108)

Translation

If a boat-builder has caulked a boat for a man but has not done it properly and in the same year the boat begins to leak and shows a defect, the boat-builder shall repair that boat and reinforce it at his own expense, and give the reinforced boat to the owner of the boat.

Source: Richardson (2004, p. 109)

Citation

Dedović, B. "§ 235 - eHammurabi." OMNIKA Foundation, 6 Nov. 2023, ehlaw.org/law/235. [Accessed 13 Apr. 2024]

MLA 9

Dedović, B. (2023, November 6). § 235 - eHammurabi. OMNIKA Foundation. https://ehlaw.org/law/235

APA 7

Dedović, Boban. "§ 235 - eHammurabi." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created November 6, 2023. Modified December 25, 2023. Accessed April 13, 2024. https://ehlaw.org/law/235.

CMS 16

Bibliography

Abulhab, Saad D. The Law Code of Hammurabi: Transliterated and Literally Translated from its Early Classical Arabic Language. New York, NY: Blautopf, 2017.

ACH

Bergmann, Eugen. Codex Ḫammurabi: Textus Primigenius. Rome, Italy: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1953.

CHTP

Huehnergard, John. A Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

HAG3

Huehnergard, John. Key to a Grammar of Akkadian (Third Edition). Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

HKEY3

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library & Search Engine." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation, accessed November 14, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.

RHL

Sound of Text Contributors. "Sound of Text: AI Text-to-Speech." Accessed November 14, 2023. https://soundoftext.app. [Visit]

SoT

eHammurabi Glossary

The § symbol commonly denotes "a shorthand notation for the word 'section'."

Read more

eHammurabi Glossary

The term Cuneiform commonly means "an ancient writing system used by various cultures around Mesopotamia."

Read more

eHammurabi Glossary

The term Normalization commonly means "the application of grammatical rules unto transliterated sound values."

Read more

eHammurabi Glossary

The term Translation commonly means "the conversion of linguistic contents and their meanings from one language into another."

Read more

eHammurabi Glossary

The term Transliteration commonly means "the conversion of sound values from one writing system into another."

Read more